Abdul Rahman Andak (Dato Amar DiRaja Abdul Rahman Andak), was
a champion of Johor's independence during the period when the British were
trying to extend their influence throughout Malaysia. A commoner, he was
recruited into the Johor civil service.
Abdul Rahman Andak helped draft the Anglo-Johor Treaty with the British
Governor, Sir Frederick Weld. Under this treaty the British recognised Abu Bakar
as Sultan of Johor, and it became a protection for Johor against further British
colonial designs. He was bestowed the
title “Dato Amar DiRaja”.
Abdul Rahman Andak became the private secretary to the Sultan, and
was later appointed State Secretary of Johor. For twenty years he was the expert
and trusted advisor to Sultan Abu Bakar
(1833-1895, Sultan of Johor 1862-1895); and
Sultan Ibrahim (1873-1959, Sultan of
Johor 1895-1959) for their dealings with the British in Singapore and in London.
Abdul Rahman Andak also single-handedly drafted the Johor Constitution, the first created
amongst the Malay States, which became law in 1894.
In retaliation, the British tried to prevent the government
of Johor receiving advice and direction from its advisory board in London, they
tried to construct a railway line across Johor, and they tried to engineer Abdul Rahman
Andak's resignation. In the end they succeeded in the latter, for he
was dismissed and sent into enforced exile in London in April 1909.